Acne in children is considered to be quite rare, but it does happen in some cases. Most of the acne in children is seen during the age period where they go through puberty. However, if you have noticed that a child has been developing acne like skin conditions during the very early stages in life; it may be a reason to get it checked out by either a pediatrician or dermatologist. You may not be able to get an appointment with the latter option as they usually require referrals, so speak to your child’s family doctor. In certain cases, the acne condition may be transferred from the mother while the child is in the womb, so these are things you should very much look into.
When it comes to acne in children, there are three major types that doctors would immediately consider. These acne conditions are prepubertal acne, infantile acne, mid-childhood acne and neonatal acne. Each of these acne conditions occur in a child’s life at different times, so you will not be able to see one specific in a different age period.
Neonatal Acne – On a new born baby’s skin, you may see small papules and pimple like marks which may resemble acne. This in fact is not acne, but has been named a neonatal skin issue that only lasts a few days after birth. It does not require any form of treatment, as the marks simple dissipate over time. The medical name for this skin issue is neonatal cephalic pustulosis.
Infantile Acne – Unlike the prior example, this in fact is a type of acne that affects younger children, typically between the ages of three months and two years. The infantile acne condition becomes apparent in children who have parents with similar acne conditions. Even if the mother has acne, it would sometimes affect the child during birth as well. In children, the acne condition starts off as a series of cysts, but it could get worse if the child starts picking on the skin marks. There are oral medications for children, which help remove infantile acne. Some of the medications may only be available in tablet form, so some doctors recommend freezing it and adding it to certain foods they can bite into.
Mid-childhood Acne – This form of acne is most likely the rarest kind as very only a few children may experience this condition. This mid-childhood acne condition becomes apparent between the ages of one and seven and it could be quite similar to what you would expect with infantile acne. Through similar medications and ointments, this form of acne could be removed as well.
Prepubertal Acne – In some children, this type of acne may start as early as the age of eight, but it usually starts after eleven years of age. Pubertal acne is by far one of the most common types of acne conditions, which leaves children with acne marks on their forehead, cheeks and chin. The severity of the condition will change overtime, as some get relieved of it immediately while others need to go through with a dedicated treatment in order to get completely cleaned up.